ULN2003,ULN2004: Bipolar Digital Integrated Circuit Silicon Monolithic 7-ch Darlington Sink Driver

ULN2003,ULN2004: Bipolar Digital Integrated Circuit Silicon Monolithic 7-ch Darlington Sink Driver

The ULN2003APG/AFWG Series are high−voltage, high−current darlington drivers comprised of seven NPN darlington pairs.
All units feature integral clamp diodes for switching inductive loads. 
Applications include relay, hammer, lamp and display (LED) drivers. 
The ULx2004A devices have a 10.5-kΩ series base resistor to allow operation directly from CMOS devices that use supply voltages of 6 V to 15 V. The required input current of the ULx2004A device is below that of the ULx2003A devices, and the required voltage is less than that required by the ULN2002A device.

 

Features

  • Output current (single output): 500 mA max  
  • High sustaining voltage output: 50 V min
  • Output clamp diodes
  • Inputs compatible with various types of logic  
  • Package Type-APG: DIP-16pin
  • Package Type-AFWG: SOL-16pin

 

 

Overview

This standard device has proven ubiquity and versatility across a wide range of applications. This is due to integration of 7 Darlington transistors of the device that are capable of sinking up to 500 mA and wide GPIO range capability.
The ULN2003A device comprises seven high-voltage, high-current NPN Darlington transistor pairs. All units feature a common emitter and open collector outputs. To maximize their effectiveness, these units contain suppression diodes for inductive loads. The ULN2003A device has a series base resistor to each Darlington pair, thus allowing operation directly with TTL or CMOS operating at supply voltages of 5 V or 3.3 V. The ULN2003A device offers solutions to a great many interface needs, including solenoids, relays, lamps, small motors, and LEDs. Applications requiring sink currents beyond the capability of a single output may be accommodated by paralleling the outputs.
This device can operate over a wide temperature range (–40°C to 105°C).

Feature Description

Each channel of the ULN2003A device consists of Darlington connected NPN transistors. This connection creates the effect of a single transistor with a very high-current gain (β2). This can be as high as 10,000 A/A at certain currents. The very high β allows for high-output current drive with a very low input current, essentially equating to operation with low GPIO voltages.
The GPIO voltage is converted to base current through the 2.7-kΩ resistor connected between the input and base of the predriver Darlington NPN. The 7.2-kΩ and 3-kΩ resistors connected between the base and emitter of each respective NPN act as pulldowns and suppress the amount of leakage that may occur from the input.
The diodes connected between the output and COM pin is used to suppress the kick-back voltage from an inductive load that is excited when the NPN drivers are turned off (stop sinking) and the stored energy in the coils causes a reverse current to flow into the coil supply through the kick-back diode.
In normal operation the diodes on base and collector pins to emitter will be reversed biased. If these diodes are forward biased, internal parasitic NPN transistors will draw (a nearly equal) current from other (nearby) device pins.
 

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